Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Introduction: The world had faced two main economic problems. The first one was the Great Depression in the early of 20th Century. The second was the recent international financial crisis in 2008. The United States and Europe suffered severely for a long time from the great depression. The great depression was a great step and changed completely the economic policy making and the economic thoughts. It was not only an economic situation bit it was also miserable making, made people more attention and aggressive until they might lose their lives. All the society was frightened from losing money, work and stable. In America the housing market was the main factor of the great depression. A crisis of liquidity appeared in the banks forming a credit crunch. This period was influenced by over extended stock market shortage of water in the south and over trusting. The American government put down some regulations to control the productions which were essential for the war. Literature Review: Great Depression: The great depression hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t appeared before in the history of the economic field. It was something unprecedented. Some countries recovered during a decade while others not. This depression affected the smallest individual tin the society even farmers were affected. This collapse created a special case which was known as bowl. In the west a catastrophe appeared from August 1929 to March 1939. It affected the economic field very severely for a long period. In spite of beingShow MoreRelatedThe Depression Of The Great Depression1223 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfar-reaching consequences as the Great Depression. This experience was the most extended and severe depression of the Western world. It was an economic downturn that began in 1929 and lasted until 1939. A large amount of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s labor force lost their jobs and suffered during this crisis. During the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s financial disaster, Franklin Delano Roosevelt became president and made extensive changes to AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢ s political structure. The effects of the Great Depression had lasting consequences that areRead MoreThe Depression Of The Great Depression1232 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespeople think that the stock crash was to blame for the Great Depression but that is not correct. Both the crash and depression were the result of problems with the economy that were still underneath society s minds. The depression affected people in a series of ways: poverty is spreading causing farm distress, unemployment, health, family stresses and unfortunately, discrimination increases. America tended to blame Hoover for the depression and all the problems. When the 1932 election came peopleRead MoreThe Great Depression1292 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBefore the crash Before the start of the great depression the United States was a country of great economic wealth, with new technology being invented and a boom in industry. Due to a boom in AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Industry because of World War One the economy was at an all-time high with a tremendous amount of prosperity. Following the end of world war one the industrial might that America had was being used for peaceful, domestic purposes instead of being used for violence and war. New technologies like carsRead MoreThe Depression Of The Great Depression2071 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesPaul Von Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler Chancellor on the 30th January 1933. The Depression did play a vital role in this, however other factors such as the Nazis propaganda, the resentment of the Weimar republic and the political situation of 1932-1933 also contributed to his success. Before the Great Depression, the Nazis gained 12 seats and 2.6% of the vote in the May election of 1928. Despite this, by July 1932, Hitler gained 230 seats and 37.3% of the vote in the Reichstag. This is a dramaticRead MoreThe Great Depression1731 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s was a decade of discovery for America. As mentioned in Ã¢â¬Å"who was roaring in the twenties? Ã¢â¬âOrigins of the great depression,Ã¢â¬ by Robert S. McElvaine America suffered with the great depression due to several factors but it managed to stay prosperous at the end. In Ã¢â¬Å"America society and culture in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s,Ã¢â¬ by David A. Shannon there was much more to the great depression. It was a time of prosperity an economic change. Women and men were discovering who they were and their value to societyRead MoreThe Great Depression1551 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Great Depression was one of the most devastating events recorded in history. The nation as a whole plummeted in one econ omic downfall. Few individuals escaped the effects of the depression. The hardship of unemployment and the loss of homes and farms were a large portion of the pain caused by the economic crisis. Through all of these sufferings, women had a large impact on society. Women faced heavy discrimination and social criticism during the Depression Even though through research it is provenRead MoreThe Great Depression1186 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfriends is the true definition of of what the Great Depression really was. It was a time that most people want to never remember or ever happen again. You would think the United States would have learned from their mistakes but it seems we are going down the same road once again without even taking a step back and realizing it. When people talk about the Great Depression not a single person will have anything good to say about it. It caused families a great deal of pain that they will never forget. WithRead MoreThe Great Depression1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAfter WW1 the Great Depression had a very late impact on the major film companies in France, when it did, it unfortunately caused several film studios to go bankrupt, then in the late 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s to 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s many small film companies and groups emerged giving birth to the tendency called poetic realism. Because the large companies who made films with a focus on making money were gone the filmmakers and artists were able to concern themselves with the art of film, they often took poetic innovations thatRead MoreThe Great Depression1133 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself,Ã¢â¬ is a famous quote once said during the Great Depression by Franklin D. Roosevelt. After one world war, great financial fallout, and another world war to follow, the twentieth century was already shaping out to be a handful. When the Great Depression was coming to an end and the economy was trying to turn around, jobs started opening up and a new wave of imm igrants came into New York, the Puerto Ricans. For some the American dream was to come toRead MoreThe Great Depression1698 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The 1930s was one of the most challenging times in US history, where the Great Depression caused millions of Americans to suffer through hardships because of the economy. Many people were out of work and unemployed, and the government at the time, believed that the best option was to stay out of its affairs, leaving the struggling people hung out to dry. It was not until Franklin Roosevelt was elected president, that the state of the country began to change. And that was due to the creation of the
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The horror genre has held a prominent position in culture for most of history. Beginning in folklore, used as a device to scare children into good behaviors (e.g. The Grimm BrotherÃ¢â¬â¢s Fairy Tales), horror has integrated its way into the 21st century through film, and in recent years even video games. Yearly, primarily during the fall when the leaves start to brown and the natural eerie sense of fear fills the air around Halloween, the film industry likes to fill in the holes between its major grossing seasons by filling the audience with fear. However, it was Christmas of 1973 that defined the new age of Horror, when William Friedkin released The Exorcist. According to Julia Heimerdinger of AcademiaÃ¢â¬â¢s online journal, Horror, as a whole, canÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In any genre, the correct note at the exact, pivotal moment can leave a member of the audience in tears, bliss, or suspense. Contrary to Julia HeimdingerÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion, however, the lack of non-digetic sound tends to be very important to the horror genre. This is because it allows you to experience the genuine fear that the protagonist is feeling. You can hear their frantic breath, or the creaking of floor boards, or even the rustling of leaves. This suspends the audience into a very realistic moment of suspence and fear. According to Clifford G. Schuette of Kansas State University: Ã¢â¬Å"when sound is taken out of the equation, oneÃ¢â¬â¢s attention to detail and focus vastly increasesÃ¢â¬ (Schuette 13). Once the soundtrack is removed and only digetic sound remains, the viewer may become more involved and invested in the scene. This will ultimately create a more intense emotional reaction when the sceneÃ¢â¬â¢s suspense and tension culminate into the climatic scare. Special effects are another very important tool in defining the horror genre. In the years leading up to the 1970s, special effects were almost non-existent, or minimal at best, in the film industry. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until The Exorcist was released in 1973 that movie goers were hit with believable special effects that would have been thought impossible a mere half decade before. As a result of these revolutionary special effects, TheShow MoreRelatedHorror Genre : The Feeling Of Fear Essay1875 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesknow what to expect from it. Likewise, horror genre has grown to create an alternate reality in which one can not assume that what we come to expect of the real world applies in a fictional one: Ã¢â¬Å"[The horror genre] must posit an unnatural threat that is outside the realm of normalcy, reality, or historyÃ¢â¬ ¦[with] sympathetic and vulnerable potential victimsÃ¢â¬ (Sipos).As society has grown to expect certain things from a horror film over the years, the horror gen re has evolved to counteract that growth inRead MoreExploration Of Exploitation During The 1970 s Generation1417 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLiving DeadÃ¢â¬ (1968) which grossed $30 million with a $100,000 budget. Movies like these were opening a genre of movies which appealed to a young teen market who were looking for something that is sensational and graphic. Many of these teens were attracted to a counterculture that represented a broken society. Many urban youths found films like these in Ã¢â¬Å"GrindhousesÃ¢â¬ . The website www.grindhouse.com defines a grindhouse as The 70Ã¢â¬â¢s were basically the golden age of Grindhouses as the venues were a resultRead MoreThe Living Dead1840 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe 1970s represented a truly diverse time in the history of horror cinema. This was a reflection, perhaps, of how life was growing more complex in the 1970s, with competing problems pulling audiences towards different fears. Some horror films in the 1970s were revisionary, based on the fresh principles of a freer, more personal cinema. Other horrors were merely old resurrections and variations of monsters who had appeared on the silver screen, in one form or another, since the 1930s and 1940s.Read MoreIs Sexism Still a Force in Our Culture?1212 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescombating sexism, gender discrimination is still inextricably linked with culture. Sexism is still embedded in the fiber of contemporary culture. However, to further explore the ways in which sexism is intertwined with culture, it is first necessary to define culture. For the purposes of this investigation, culture refers to the corporate environment and forms of employment, as well as the different entertainment industries and canonical literary texts that are endorsed in schools and the greater societyRead MoreThe Changing Nature of Family Life in Contemporary Society Essay3339 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesThe Changing Nature of Family Life in Contemporary Society From first attempts to transfer Horror fiction from the page to the silver screen, there have been moral panics in response to the horror genre. In 1973, The Exorcist (directed by William Friedkin, US, 1973) provoked outrage, and sections of the movie had to be removed in response to worldwide complaints and panic as to the overtly sexual and violent nature of its content, not to mention accusations of religious
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Vigilantism in World War I America was a perversion of the law that in the eyes of the perpetrator was a just action no matter how gruesome or violent. The obligation of vigilance during the war time was seen as patriotic duty but somewhere along the way the thought of it became distorted. Christopher Capozzola writes in his article The Only Badge Needed is Your Patriotic Fervor: Vigilance, Coercion and the Law in World War I America about vigilance taking three forms: Defending the home front and in particular in Connecticut, labor disputes and social and moral disputes. During this article one sees that vigilantism was not a clear cut defiance of the American law or system it was a theory that put the power in the hands of the peopleÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Capozzola shows that the people that committed these acts were not anti American, they thought they were the pro-America at its finest. Woodrow Wilson as the article points out, government sought out to clarify the nati ons standards of law and right. This article in the first section shows that when it came down to vigilantism in the World War I era the line is a little grey. He points out that the same officials that spoke out against lawless vigilantism stood up for the idea of vigilance organizations policing. The idea behind this that Christopher speaks of is that uncontrolled physical violence was politically illegitimate because it went against the nation and the spirit of their laws. The problem Capozzola sees in his article is that the American people were used to policing themselves and for that to work many people saw coercion and mob violence to fit under that category of self policing. The other grey area in all this is the fact that mob violence was never actually denounced. He uses a stat from historian Richard Maxwell Brown that shows that in the years between 1767-1951 there were 5,400 deaths from organized and unorganized groups that were Ãâprotecting the home front. On the home front there were signs like the one Conference Committee on National Preparedness that sought for defense against spies.
My Philosophy of Education The obstacle of finding a career is something we are all faced with at one time or another. Fortunately for me, I found this decision to be a very easy one, because I have a love for teaching. The decision of my career was clear. I was going to become a teacher. The nature of students, or at least most students, is to learn and master problem-solving abilities in order to be a successful adult. I believe the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s nature is ever changing, therefore, in that perspective, I agree mostly with progressivism. People are natural explorers, and the mind of the human is designed for problem solving. One person whose views I share is John Dewey, who is the founder of progressivism. Mr. Dewey said theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Education is relative, because it is ever changing generation after generation. Technology is being advanced, discoveries are being made, and babies are being born everyday. History is not repeating itself. We are simply turning the pages of time and on every page there is a different life story. There are many people who agree with this train of thought: Nancy J. Holland and Soren Kierkegaard. Both of these people agreed that education is relative because both the teacher and the student learn from each other because both of their lives are changing everyday. Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget researched and concluded that knowledge cannot be given directly from the teacher to the learner, but must be constructed by the learner and reconstructed as new information becomes available. The purpose of education is so the entire population has an equal opportunity to acquire a meaningful education. Any type of education is important to better our country, communities, and most of all our own selves. I want to accomplish as a teacher an excellent environment for learning so my students will have the utmost chance at successful lives. I want to teach my students with a better education system so they can better themselves. I want my students to accomplish and fulfill their dreams and go as far as they can into life. Since I will be teaching high school students, I believe that on graduation day there should be educationally well-roundedShow MoreRelatedMy Philosophy On The Philosophy Of Education844 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn mathematics, as in life, everything must be brought to the simplest of terms. I base my teaching philosophy on the foundation that every student is capable of learning mathematics. I will strive, as a teacher, to ensure that my students are able to have a strong foundation of mathematical skills when they leave my classroom. Some students believe that they are not mathematically gifted; therefore, incapable of learning mathematics. I believe to the contrary, all students with motivation, sustainedRead MoreMy Philosophy On Philosophy Of Education852 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMy Philosophy of Education My philosophy of education is founded on a belief that all students have a desire to learn and to feel accepted. Learning takes place when students are able to have their specific needs meet inside the classroom, to feel accepted in the environment, and find the learning to be meaningful. I believe that before learning can take place a proper educational environment must be present inside the classroom. In order to make any classroom work I believe you need meet three criteriaRead MoreMy Philosophy Of Education As A Education864 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdifferent philosophy of education, and what purpose education serves in a childÃ¢â¬â¢s life. The five philosophies of education that we recognize are: Essentialism, Perennialism, Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism, and Existentialism. I would most recognize my philosophy of education as Essentialism. Essentialism has been a dominant influence in American education since World War II. It focuses on core curriculum of traditional academic topics. I believe that the purpose of education is teachingRead MoreMy Philosophy Of Education And Education1038 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMy Philosophy of Education When trying coming up with a personal philosophy of education, I had to ask myself what the purpose of education is. To me, the purpose of education is to teach students knowledge that is needed to make it through school and to succeed in the world after graduation. Anyone can go into teaching, but not every teacher can teach. Teachers go above and beyond to introduce methods, philosophies, and strategies to help their students learn, as well as, retain the informationRead MoreMy Philosophy of Education824 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages13 February 2011 My Philosophy of Education I believe that progressivism educational philosophy most closely matches my educational ideals. In my opinion based on the progressivism educational philosophy, the purpose of education is to enable students to learn useful knowledge that has meaning to them in the future. Thus, the most useful education for students is the skill of Ã¢â¬Å"learning how to learnÃ¢â¬ . When students understand the methodsRead MoreMy Education Philosophy 1511 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPersonal Mission Statement Education is the imparting and acquiring of knowledge and skills through teaching and learning. As an educator, my personal mission statement is to master my subject area in order to serve as a role model for my students thereby producing students who thoroughly understand the subject matter, and who develop holistically. In order to achieve this goal I must have a set education philosophy with a strong Christian worldview. I must also have a general understanding of theRead MoreMy Philosophy Of Education1056 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPhilosophy of Student Engagement My philosophy of education is that every child should receive high quality education that is inclusive, relevant and meaningful to their life. I am a firm believer of making pedagogy relatable to my students. My vision is driven by my personal experiences with the American school system. I was what is thought of as Ã¢â¬Å"A child at riskÃ¢â¬ . I am an immigrant, black, Muslim student. My life is transactional as I am a part of multiple marginalized groups. Most of my teachersRead MoreMy Philosophy Of Education And Education864 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPhilosophy of Education Children are the future and their education is the key to our societyÃ¢â¬â¢s success. When considering this, I realize I have an immense responsibility as an educator. The main focuses of my teaching are active learning, building character within students, and providing meaningful curriculum. I want to create a comfortable setting where every student feels safe to learn. In many ways, my philosophy agrees with the holistic approach to education. I feel this challenges the studentRead MoreMy Philosophy on Education814 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMy Philosophy of Education I think when I made the decision to become a teacher I was not thinking the seriousness of this decision. When we become teachers we also become the molder that will shape our student to be successful in life. But when you decide to become a teacher in a Christian school you are not only shaping this student to be successful in life but we are also shaping their Christian mind to do things with a feeling knowing that they are shape and where made by the image of GodRead MoreMy Philosophy Of Education1015 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesimmediately sparked my interest in becoming an educator and share my personal beliefs on the important aspects of education. In addition to this, I will present various traits I believe are essential and critical for teachers to successfully fulfill their role as an educator. During my elementary years, I developed an urge to frequently ask many questions during the school day. Being able to question anything was astonishing to me. This was because my parents were unable to answer my questions and help
Question: Discuss About The Managed Investment Liability Of Directors? Answer: Introduction ASIC v Australian Property Custodian Holdings Limited (NO 3) is one of the most famous case of Australian Federal Court where the organization has been found to breach the Corporation Act 2001(Cth). In this case, the plaintiff is Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) and defendants are Australian Property Custodian Holdings Limited (ACN 095 474 436), Mr. Mark Frederick Butler, Mr. William Lionel Lewski, Mr. Kim Jaques, Mr. Peter Clarke and Dr. Michael Richard Lewis Wooldridge ASIC has alleged against the six defendants that they have contravened the CA. ASIC has been stated that the defendant has own responsibility entity towards the managed investment scheme under Part 5C of the act accounting to the section 601FC. The directors of the company also own the duty of the offices of the responsible entity according to the section 601FB of this act. The rule has prohibited the related party transaction for the responsible entity without approval of the members which is against of section 208 of this act. The prohibition upon the directors of responsible entity being has been involved has created the contravention according to the section 209 of the CA. Therefore ASIC has been alleged the contraventions of the sections and claimed for penalties as the punishment and orders prohibiting five former directors of Managing corporations of APCHL. The duties or responsibilities breached According to the fact of the case the first defendant is Australian property custodian Holdings Limited (Receivers and Managers Appointed in Liquidation Controllers Appointed APCHAL) has been found with the responsible entity under the managed investment scheme of the Aged Care Property Trust and Prime Retirement or Prime Trust or the Trust. From the second to sixth defendants are the directors of this company who have been alleged for the contraventions due to the relation with the company which inclusive in its capacity of responsible entity of the prime trust. However in this case APCHAL has not actively join in the preceding and effectively submitted to the judgment. However the court has been seeking damages against the organization and other five defendants who have been found to be related in the conduct of the breach of the duties. ASIC has been pleaded three groups of contravention in this case. The first group of contravention has been alleged about the meeting which has been held on 22nd August 2006 where the board has been resolved to lodge with ASIC which include: A consolidate constitution which is incorporating with the amendments so that it will be effective according to the section 601GC (2) The lodgment resolution it has been mentioned that while passing the lodgment resolution the company has been prevented the section 601FC (5) which breached their diligence and duty of care under section 601FC (I) (b). The company has failed to act with the best interest of the members of the trust according to the section 601FC (I) (c). They have also mentioned that according to the section of 601FC (I)(m) it is the duty of the organization that they must comply with the duty which has been imposed on it by the constitution and must not ready or attempt to vary in favor of any benefit to the organization itself (Langford 2016). ASIC has been also mentioned that the five directors of the company has been prevented The section 601FD (3) while providing their vote in favor of or otherwise it sent into the lodgment resolution where they have owned their duty towards the organization. According to the section 601FB (I) (b) the directors has owned the duty of care and diligence. The section 601FB (I) (c) is defines the duties to act for the best interest of the members of the trust. They have contravened the section 601FD (1) (e) for not able to use properly for the position as an officer which has been provided of the RE of the TRUST to provide advantage to APCHL. According to the section 601FD (1) (f), they must take all steps for being the director of the company to ensure that the organization must complied with the constitution and the act. Therefore ASIC has been declared the contravention pursuant to the section 1317 with these breaches. According to the second group of contravention, ASIC has claimed that while paying the listing fee of the company and to one of Mr. Lewis is associated entities the organization has breached the section 208 of this at which stated the prohibits payment which is related to the party without the approval of the members. Therefore according to this section, it provides that RE may pay their own fees from the scheme property where the constitution has given for the fees before the court has mentioned that the constitution has been controlled for privates APCHL from the formation of the amendments and they were made outside of the power. The statutory power of amendment in section 601GC (1) (b), it was not engaged as the board gave has not provided the consideration to the members right. They have been allocated with the scheme which is administered for the fees provided in the existing constitution. Therefore the amendments have been found as invalid. The directors of the company also co ntributed the section 209 due to the involvement in APCHL has been breached the section 208 (Langford 2016). According to the third group of contravention ASIC has been stated that the organization has been breached their duties while paying for the Listing Fee. The organization was found to contravene the section 601FC (5) of CA. the organization has been failed to acted with their best and give priority to the interest of the members of the Trust over the interest of APCHL according to the section 601FC(I)(C) of CA. They have also failed to ensure about all payments out of scheme property which are all have been made in accordance with the Constitution according to the section 601FC (I) (K) of CA. all of the directors have been contravened the section 601FD (3) while acted with their best interest and to take all the necessary steps for compliance with CA (Langford and Ramsay 2014). Analysis of the case The APCHL was incorporated in the year of 2000 where Mr. Lewski was the first Managing director until his resignation on 27th June, 2008. He and his other associated owned the organization and other directors are also incorporated in the company also. After his resignation, one of the corporate advisors of APCHL has been transferred control to Kidder Williams Limited and received the payment of the unpaid balance under the Listing Fee. The other directors are also taken the responsibilities within the years of 2004 to 2006. APCHL has been introduced the Trust by deed in the year of 2000 where it made the organization as a trustee and manager of the Prime Trust. It also holds the obligation towards the Trusts assets for the benefits of the members which has been provided for the specific asset class of retirement aged care facilities and villages. The organization has been applied for the registration of the Prime Trust under ASIC for managing the investment scheme under Part 5C.1 of the Act. After the registration, the organization has been consolidated the Trust Deed with ASIC which will work as the constitution of the Prime Trust Managed Investment Scheme under the registration (Langford 2016). However, in 2006 APCHL has been moved towards listing the Trust on the ASX. After such steps, the operations has continue to transfer the process systematically and prudently towards listing of the Trust for maximizing the benefits and returned to the unitholders. While from the registration of the organization, the Constitution has been set out the fees which can be charged against the Scheme Property. The Listing Fee was calculated with the amount at 2.5% of the gross asset value under the Trust payable in the event that the units in the Trust which were listed for quotation under the ASX. The new fee was not provided for any payable to the organization and the members of the company are bound to the entitlement that the organization will proceeds with their best interest. Along with the Listing Fee, a Removal Fee was also calculated at 5% of the gross asset value under the Trust payable Scheme. The organization has been removed RE due to the instigation of ASIC or the members whil e providing it was not proven as fraud activities, negligence or cancellation of financial service Licenses of APCHL (Langford and Ramsay 2014). On the date of 26th June of 2007, the organization has passed a resolution to pay the Listing Fee in tranches. In this meeting, the board of APCHL has been resolved the Prime Trust on the ASX. The directors of the organization have been passed a resolution for dealing with the manner and timing of payment of the Listing Fees to the organization itself. The issues have been resolved that the Listing Fee has been controlled by the Responsible Entity as Units under the Trust Scheme. It has been calculated with the amount of approximately ten percent which has been issued to the Responsible Entity at the time of allocation and official quotation under the Prime Trusts units on ASX. Therefore, the balance of the listing fee has been deferred and payable under the tranches to the Responsible Entity according to the achievement of performance. Later the Prime Trust units are officially listed under the ASX (Langford 2016). In this case, ASIC has been found that the organization and five former directors have been breached their duties while they have owned to the members of the Prime Trust. They have tried to resolve the resolution with ASIC purporting to amend the Prime Trust constitution in August 2006. They have been intended to pay the organization without the approval of the Unitholders or the payment to APCHL of a fee in the particular event which is the units under the Prime Trust which were listed on the Australian Securities Exchange. APCHL was directed to pay the listing fee of $33 million extra out of the scheme assets subsequent to the listing of Prime Trust on the ASX in August 2007. Therefore the issue has been raised that whether the directors Mr Lewski and Mr Jaques have been abstained in the voting process on the resolution by remaining silent or they have been voted in favor of the resolution (Langford and Ramsay 2014). It is necessary that each of the directors is entitled to have the opportunity to express their view on resolution. The relevance of the decision to the development of Australian Corporation Law In accordance with such issues, the court has rejected all the submissions of the directors. While the board has passed the Lodgment Resolution at its meeting on 22 August 2006, it was only conducted by each of the directors vote. The Deed of Varioation no. 7 was not come into effected and no pre-existing obligations have been found to lodge the Amendments. The five directors are found in relation with the conflict of interest and failed to exercise the standard of care take a cautious approach (Langford and Ramsay 2014). The court has found that while passing the resolution, the section 601FC (1) and 601FC (5) has been breached by APCHL. The five directors of APCHL have been contravened the sections 601FD (1) and 601FD (3) of CA. while providing the benefit of the Listing Fee to APCHL has been breached the section 208 and the directors have been contravened the section 209(2) and 208 for the relation with the organization. In the decision making to pay the Listing Fee, APCHL has bre ached the sections 601FC (1) and 601FC (5). The directors have been also contravened the sections 601FD (1) and 601FD (3). Therefore, the court has been made the following orders: Lewski has been disqualified for the failure from controlling the corporation for 15 years and pay a pecuniary penalty of $230,000 Butler has been disqualified for the failure from controlling the corporation for four years and pay a pecuniary penalty of $20,000 Jaques has been disqualified for the failure from controlling the for four years and pay a pecuniary penalty of $20,000 Wooldridge has been disqualified for the failure from controlling the corporation for two years and three months and pay a pecuniary penalty of $20,000 and Clarke has been ordered to pay a pecuniary penalty of $20,000. However, the court has been penalized the defendants with civil penalties. Reference ASIC v Australian Property Custodian Holdings Limited (NO 3)FCA 1342 Baxt, R., Wockner, T. and Janson, S., 2017. ANNUAL REVIEW OF CORPORATIONS LAW. Corkery, J., Mikalsen, M. and Allan, K., 2017. Corporate social responsibility: The good corporation. Centre for Business Law. Corporation Act 2001 (Cth) Donald, M.S., Ormiston, J. and Charlton, K., 2014. The potential for superannuation funds to make investments with a social impact. Company and Securities Law Journal, 32(8), pp.540-551. Langford, R.T. and Ramsay, I., 2014. Conflicted directors: What is required to avoid a breach of duty?. Langford, R.T., 2016. management Investment Schemes: Liability of Directors of Responsible Entities Where the Responsible Entity Breaches the Law.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
JFK Life and Death Essay JFK His Life and Legacy On November 22, 1963, while being driven through the streets of Dallas, Texas, in his open car, President John F. Kennedy was shot dead, allegedly by the lone gunman, Lee Harvey Oswald. John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States, the youngest person ever to be elected President, the first Roman Catholic and the first to be born in the 20th century. Kennedy was assassinated before he completed his third year as President therefore his achievements were limited. Nevertheless, his influence was worldwide, and his handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis may have prevented the United States from entering into another world war. The world had not only lost a common man, but a great leader of men. From his heroic actions in World War II to his presidency, making the decisions to avert possible nuclear conflict with world superpowers, greatness can be seen. Kennedy also found the time to author several best-selling novels from his experiences. Hi s symbolic figure represented all the charm, vigor and optimism of youth as he led a nation into a new era of prosperity. From his birth into the powerful and influential Kennedy clan, much was to be expected of him. Kennedy was born on May 29,1917 in Brookline, Massachusetts. His father, Joe, Sr., was a successful businessman with many political connections. Appointed by President Roosevelt, Joe, Sr., was given the chair of the Securities and Exchange Commission and later the prestigious position of United States ambassador to Great Britain (Anderson 98). His mother, Rose, was a loving housewife and took young John on frequent trips around historic Boston learning about American Revolutionary history. Both parents impressed on their children that their country had been good to the Kennedys. Performing some service for the country must return whatever benefits the family received from the country they were told. (Anderson 12). The Kennedy clan included Joe, Jr., Bobby, Ted and their sisters, Eunice, Jean, Patricia, Rosemary, and Kathleen. Joe, Jr., was a significant figure in young Johns life as he was the figure for most of Johns admiration. His older brother was much bigger and stronger than John and took it upon himself to be Johns coach and protector. Johns childhood was full of sports, fun and activity. This all ended when John grew old enough to leave for school. At the age of thirteen, John left home to attend an away school for the first time. Canterbury School, a boarding school in New Milford, Connecticut and Choate Preparatory in Wallingford, Connecticut completed his elementary education (JFK 98). John graduated in 1934 and was promised a trip to London as a graduation gift. Soon after, John became ill with jaundice and would have to go to the hospital. He spent the rest of the summer trying to recover. He was not entirely well when he started Princeton, several weeks later in the fall of 1935. Around Christmas the jaundice returned and John had to drop out of school. Before the next school year began, he told his father he wanted to go to Harvard (JFK 98). On campus, young people took interest in politics, social changes, and events in Europe. The United States was pulling out of the Great Depression. Hitlers Nazi Germany followed aggressive territorial expansion in Europe. It was at this time that John first became aware of the vast social and economic differences in the United States. In June 1940, John graduated cum laude (with praise or distinction) from Harvard. His thesis earned a magna cum laude (great praise) ( JFK 98). After graduation, John began to send his paper to publishers, and it was accepted on his second try. Wilfrid Funk published it under the title Why England Slept. It became a bestseller. John, at twenty-five, became a literary sensation. In the spring of 1941, both John and Joe, Jr., decided to enroll in the armed services. Joe was accepted as a naval air cadet but John was turned down by both the army and navy because of his back trouble and history of illness (JFK 98). After months of training and conditioning, John reapplied and on September 19, John was accepted into the navy as a desk clerk in Washington. He was disgusted and applied for a transfer. In June 1941, Kennedy was sent to Naval Officers Training School at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois and then for additional training at the Motor Torpedo Boat Center at Melville, Rhode Island. In late April 1943, Lieutenant John F. Kennedy was put in command of a PT 109, a fast, light, attack craft in the Solomon Islands in the South Pacific. Kennedy saw action in the form of night patrols and participated in enemy bombings. On August 1, 1943, during a routine night patrol, a Japanese destroyer collided in the darkness with Kennedys craft and the PT 109 was sunk. Through superhuman effort, the injured Kennedy heroically swam back and forth rescuing his wounded crew. Two were killed in the crash. The injury had once again aggravated his back. Still, Kennedy pushed on swimming from island to island in the South Pacific hoping for a patrol to come by. The lieutenant had no idea he had been in the water for eight hours. Finally, an island was spotted that could have provided cover from Japanese planes. With no edible plants or water, Kennedy realized that he and the crew must move on. The next day, he once again attempted to search for rescue. After treading water for hours, the lieutenant was forced to admit no patrol boats were coming. He turned back for the island but was swept away by a powerful current. Kennedy collapsed on an island and slept. He recovered enough energy to return to the island and gathered the crew to move to another island in search of food. JFK was now desperate enough to seek help from natives on a Japanese controlled island. After making contact with the natives, Kennedy persuaded the natives to deliver a message written on the back of a coconut shell to allied forces. T he coconut fell into the hands of allied scouts and a patrol was sent. The coconut would appear again on the desk of an American President (Anderson 35). The crew of the PT 109 was given a heros welcome when they returned to base, but Kennedy would have none of it. He refused home leave and was given another boat. In constant pain from the back injury, JFK soon contracted malaria, became very ill, and lost twenty-five pounds. He was forced to give up command and was sent home to Chelsea Naval Hospital near Hyannis Port. The lieutenant received the Purple Heart, the Navy and Marine Corps Medal, and a citation from Admiral W. F. Halsey. Johns back failed to recover was an operation was performed on his spine in the summer of 1944. During recovery, Kennedy received word that his brother Joe, Jr. had been killed in action. Joe had been eligible for home leave, but had volunteered for a special bombing mission. The bombs had detonated early and Joe and his copilot were caught in the expl osion. Kennedy put his feelings onto paper and a second book was published for the family and close friends. He called it As We Remember Joe. The family- particularly JFKs father- had assumed that Joe, Jr. would carry on the family tradition and go into politics. Both of his grandfathers had been active in politics (Anderson 41). Now, suddenly, JFK was the oldest Kennedy of his generation. Kennedys first chance in politics came when Congressman James Curley from the 11th District of Massachusetts decided to retire in 1946 (Gadney 42). JFK won his first Congressional seat by a margin of more than two to one. At the age if twenty-nine, JFK was placed on the front page of the New York Times and in Time Magazine. He was often mistaken in Congress as a Senate page or an elevator operator. It was during this time period in which Kennedy met and fell in love with Jacqueline Bouvier. Jackie, as she was known, came from a wealthy Catholic background as prestigious as the Kennedys. She attend ed Vassar College and the Sorbonne in Paris, France. She spoke French, Italian, and Spanish fluently. They were wed on September 12,1953, at St. Marys Catholic Church in Newport, Rhode Island. All seemed well, yet after three two-year terms as a Congressman, Kennedy became frustrated with House rules and customs and decided to run for Senate. In 1952, Kennedy ran for Senate against Republican Senator Henry Cabot Lodge. Fifteen years older than Kennedy, Lodge was the incumbent of two terms in the Senate. JFK prevailed in the victory but was soon stricken with Addisons disease during his first year in the Senate and had to operate on a fifty-fifty chance for survival procedure (Gadney 52). While recovering, Kennedy wrote Profiles in Courage, a bestseller on examples of moral courage in the lives of eight senators who risked their careers for a great cause or a belief. Kennedy returned to Senate and participated in the powerful Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He was also chairman o f the Senate Subcommittee on Labor. JFK believed strongly in education, equal job opportunity, and the civil rights movement. His biggest success came in the form of his Labor Reform Bill, which passed by a margin of 90 to 1 in Senate debate. Kennedys first child, Caroline, was born during this time. Due to his enormous success in Congress, the Democratic Party nominated him for the presidential ticket in 1960. Lyndon Johnson was chosen as the running mate with Kennedy to secure and build upon the democratic bases in the southern states while the Kennedys sought out the younger voters, the factory workers, and the liberals (Gadney 61). During the Kennedy Administration, a great deal of events was going on. Jackie had given birth to JFK, Jr., while all over the south, the civil rights movement was going in full force with incidents breaking out. Specific attention gathered around a black air force veteran, James Meredith, applied for admission to the University of Mississippi. In Cub a both the Bay of Pigs occurred, in which U.S. supported rebels revolted in a poorly laid out plan of events that fell out beneath them, and the Cuban Missile Crisis in which the Soviet Republic were building missile silos in Cuba, 100 miles away from Florida. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and ironically 34 years after the event, the person that the invasion meant to topple, Fidel Castro, is still in power. The Space Race was in full force with both Russia and the U.S. in competition to reach the moon. U.S. involvement in Vietnam was in the latter stages with plans to withdraw after the 1964 election. On a trip to Dallas to stir up support for the re-election, the Presidents autos were coming down Elm Street when three shots rang out. The first projectile entered at the base of Kenn edys neck and exited through the back of his head. The second bullet hit Texas Governor John Connally. Seconds later there was another shot and the back of the presidents head was torn away. The assassin Lee Harvey Oswald with a mail-order rifle, fired from the Texas School Book Depository (Warren 5). He then promptly and calmly exited the building approximately three minutes after the first shot was fired. He was picked up later at a Texas movie theatre with little resistance. Oswald had recently applied for a passport to Communist Russia, which led to a series of private meetings between Oswald and the Russian Government (Warren 614). Oswald protested his innocence. President Johnson set up what quickly became known as the Warren Commission headed by Chief Justice Warren to find the motive behind the assassination; The Commission finds the lone, depressed, mentally unstable, anti-social nut kills an American president. On the Morning of November 22, 1963 at approximately 12:25 the presidential motorcade turned right from Houston St. on to Elm St. Their speed was approximately 11 miles per hour. President Kennedy had ordered the Secret Service to ride on the car boards on the car behind him. He made this decision so that the public would be able to see him better and show that he trusted the public. At exactly 12:30 while Kennedy waved to the crowd a shot fired out. He was hit in his neck, a shot that was fired approximately five seconds after the first struck him in his head and tore a piece of his skull off. Governor Connally who rode in the same car in front of the president sustained wounds on his back, right side of his chest, right wrist and left thigh. Orders were then given for the limousine to speed up to the hospital. President Kennedy was pronounced dead at approximately 1:00 pm. Now the question remained. What were the reasons for the presidents assassination? The assassination plot could have been organized by one of many factions, such as the Cu bans or the Russians, the Mob, someone upset with his civil rights policies, or maybe an inside job by a special agency. The plot was a deep and complex issue that involved many factions. More theories were offered when Oswalds ties to the CIA and his ties to Russian special agencies were exposed. Around October 1959, Oswald applied for Russian citizenship. While in Russia he went to the U.S. Embassy in Moscow where he denounced the United States, Praised the Soviet Union, and stated that he wanted to renounce his U.S. citizenship. He also made another very dramatic announcement: he stated that he had offered to give the Soviets radar secrets that he had learned in the Marines. He told them ominously that he might know something of special interest, an obvious reference to the U-2 spy plane which he had observed while in the service (Melanson 13). It was later noted that Oswald was working under an operative program for the CIA and was a double agent against the KGB. After his assig nment was completed he was given $435 by the state department to get home. Whatever Oswalds reason for pulling one of the triggers against President Kennedy, it certainly involved a political agenda behind it. Other theories have evolved over time such as the Grassy Knoll theory. Witnesses say that a man in black was present and fired simultaneously with Oswald and doubled considerable connections and plotted revenge. On Nov. 24, 1963 as Oswald was being escorted from the city jail, nightclub owner Jack Ruby shot Oswald with a single shot from a Colt .38 revolver. Ruby was arrested and stood trial in Dallas. He was found guilty and was sentenced to hang. He died in jail of cancer, on January 3,1968. Kennedy was the first President to be born in the twentieth century and was very much a man of his time. He was restless, seeking, with a thirst of knowledge, and he had a feeling of deep commitment, not only to the people of the United States, but also to the peoples of the world. Many of the causes he fought for exist today because of what he did for the rights of minorities, the poor, the very old and the very young. He never took anything for granted and worked for everything he owned. Perhaps Kennedy summed up his life best in his own inaugural speech: Ask not what your country can do for you, but ask what you can do for your country. I don't know what I did wrong Essay
Monday, April 13, 2020
Why You Should Use Samples Informative Essay?Samples informative essay is a format that has a number of advantages. When used properly, it can really open up a number of doors for you in your career. The major benefit is that it is simple and not difficult to write an informative essay. You just need to make sure that you use this format to your full advantage.Before starting your essay, you should get out all the facts that you want to include. For example, if you want to write about statistics, you can begin with a question. That question could be 'what are the benefits of having a forensic laboratory?' You can also start by talking about 'job security'.Once you have done this, you can start on your sample informative essay. Start by listing all the things that you would like to include in your article. This is a very important part of writing a samples informative essay. List all the things that you would like to say about each.In order to keep your samples informative essay short , you will also want to list the benefits of each. However, don't just list them one after another. As you're going through your article, try to come up with a number of benefits and reasons why you believe them to be true. Make sure that you use concrete examples to support the benefits that you list.Another great benefit of using samples informational essays is that they help people out. When you use the samples, you can quickly find someone else's articles that they have written. They may be more than willing to share their own experiences with you. In some cases, you may even be able to write an article for them.When you're using the samples informative essay, you will want to follow the same format as they do. Keep it brief and to the point. Also, remember that you are not writing for the first time and you should make the article easy to read.Using samples informative essay can benefit you greatly. This will allow you to quickly get an article out and to publish it. You can us e this format to help you get an article published. Just remember that you need to write it so that it flows well and that it is not difficult to read.